The Adventure of the Peculiar Protocols

There are so many pastiches and parodies of Sherlock Holmes stories about that it is a welcome change to find one that appears, on first glance, to actually be based on my notes from one of Holmes’ cases.

The Adventure of the Peculiar Protocols is by Nicholas Meyer, whom you may remember also wrote The Seven-Per-Cent Solution, and the author also wrote the screenplay for the film version with Robert Duvall as me and Nicol Williamson as Holmes. I will leave any review of that film until a later date except to state that its premise is somewhat flimsy.

Meyer is on safer ground with this story being based on notes from my diary of 1905. The reason it has not appeared before now is the involvement of the Secret Service (we were brought into the case by Holmes’s brother Mycroft) and I put the notes into the safety deposit box at my bank at the 16 Charing Cross branch of Cox and Company in London. That bank eventually became part of Lloyds Bank which, coincidentally also swallowed up the Capital and Counties Bank, where Holmes had his account at 125 Oxford Street, London. But I digress . . .

Let’s get some inaccuracies out of the way first. I am not sure on what evidence Meyer names my second wife as Juliet Garnett, sister of Edward Garnett, the English writer, and sister-in-law of Constance Black (Edward’s wife). It is possible that he has misread some remarks in my diary. In his defence, he does indicate the fragility of the diary in “A Word of Explanation” at the beginning of the book.

Putting all that aside, Meyer’s screenwriting prowess shows as he weaves some historical facts into my diary notes to produce a short story that could move readily onto the silver screen. He has, in some places, embellished the tale with Sherlockian ephemera in an attempt to give it authority, but this is done to good effect. Holmes not only outwits the Russian secret service but, as is often the case, yours truly.

This case, as Meyer relates it, took place shortly before Holmes’ retirement and, though Mycroft considered it a failure, his brother had done exactly what he had asked and we were both honoured by His Majesty at its conclusion.

For those looking for a new case of ours to read, this would fill that nice little gap on your bookshelf, and would only take up an afternoon to read.

Mastermind 1996

I have come across another time when Sherlock Holmes was a specialist subject on the BBC Mastermind.

In 1996, Roger Grimshaw, from Manchester managed to answer 18 of the following questions correctly, passing on the first.

    1. How was the dreadful business in the Abernetty case brought to Holmes’ attention?
    2. The yew alley at Baskerville Hall is believed to have been based on a similar yew alley at which of Conan Doyle’s old schools?
    3. Which case did Sherlock Holmes refer to as quite a three pipe problem?
    4. Who illustrated the Sherlock Holmes stories which appeared in The Strand Magazine?
    5. Who in real life, wrongly accused of the crime of cattle mutilation, did Conan Doyle help to clear?
    6. Where did Conan Doyle set up his first medical practice?
    7. Who, according to Sherlock Holmes, was ‘the woman’?
    8. Who did Sherlock Holmes refer to as ‘the fourth smartest and third most daring man in London’?
    9. In which case did Sherlock Holmes note the curious incident of the dog in the night-time?
    10. In ‘The Yellow Face’ what word did Holmes ask Watson to say to him to remind him of his failure?
    11. In ‘The Empty House’ who made the wax decoy bust of Holmes?
    12. What was the paper written by Moriarty which was said to be so complex that there was no man in the scientific press capable of critiquing it?
    13. Who In real life is Conan Doyle said to have based the methods of Sherlock Holmes on?
    14. What was Arthur Conan Doyle’s original christian name for Sherlock Holmes?
    15. In A Study in Scarlet who discovered the murder at Lauriston Gardens?
    16. In the confrontation with Moriarty described in ‘The Final Problem’, what item was placed by Holmes on top of the letter he left for Watson?
    17. In which battle was Watson wounded by a native bullet?
    18. Which other writer was present at the literary lunch when Conan Doyle was commissioned to write The Sign of the Four
    19. For which newspaper did Conan Doyle act briefly as a war correspondent during the Sudanese campaign?

Although Roger got 18 correct, he did not do so well in the round of General Knowledge questions but still came a creditable third place.

How well would you have done in that famous black chair?

Answers at a later date . . .

Mrs Hudson’s Radio Show

“Behind every great man is an even greater woman, demanding rent.”


Mrs Hudson (Patricia Hodge)

Following the success of the book Mrs Hudson’s Diaries – A View from the Landing at 221B, the writers Barry and Bob Cryer, have brought Mrs Hudson on to the radio in her own series (well, two episodes, anyway).

As we have been reminded by the good lady many times, she is our landlady – not our housekeeper, and in the BBC Sherlock series, viewers were also reminded of Mrs Hudson’s standing. She has always been “an independent woman, who was taking advantage of the change in the law that allowed a widow to inherit her husband’s property for the first time” as Bob Cryer points out.

The writers suggest that the radio series may move to television.

Whilst the two episodes are available on the BBC I won’t review them here.

Episode 1 – Rare Medium [30:00]

When her tenant, a magician known as The Great Mysto, goes missing, Mrs Hudson is suddenly in urgent need of rent money and new lodgers. This half hour episode sees Mrs Hudson attempting to reclaim her lost money and encountering everything from crooked showgirls and Music Hall eccentrics to German strongmen and dodgy clairvoyants. Meanwhile, Mrs Hudson’s maid Martha (Ruth Bratt) has secretly advertised for new tenants and it’s not long before a doctor (Stephen Critchlow) and a consulting detective (Orlando Wells) come knocking. Time is not on her side as villainous Sir Charles Swift is ready to swoop and reclaim her house if she doesn’t pay her ground rent.

Episode 2 – Wild Geese [30:00]

In this second episode, a dead goose and a battered hat are found by Inspector Lestrade (Bob Cryer) lying in the middle of Baker Street. It’s not long before Mrs Hudson is leading her friends out into the night on a very silly seasonal adventure.

However, one thing you can be sure of, Sherlock Holmes (Orlando Wells) and Dr Watson (Stephen Critchlow) are never far away and usually ahead of the game. So come in from the cold, turn on the wireless and make a date with Mrs Hudson. But don’t forget to wipe your feet first.

Did I say it was a comedy?

Sherlock Holmes with Carleton Hobbs

I have written many times about what was, before the Bert Coules adaptations, the most extensive collection of Sherlock Holmes stories, broadcast by the BBC. The BBC Radio 4 Extra broadcasts of the third series of these performances, starring Carleton Hobbs as Holmes, and Norman Shelley as me, is now underway, so I thought it worth reviewing the complete output from this duo, once again.

In total, Carleton Hobbs and Norman Shelley, appeared in 75 individual performances with four different adapters of my stories and nine different producers. Where the same story was performed more than once, with various adapters and producers, the cast and the scripts were also diverse.

Many of these broadcasts were repeated, often mixing performances with different adapters and producers, and understanding what recordings I have in my collection has been a challenge, but by using the BBC Genome database, I have managed to catalogue most of them.

The number in square brackets, for example “[23]” is the unique performance number and each broadcast title has a link to the programme in the BBC Genome database.

Short Stories Series 1 – Children’s Hour 1952-1953

This first series of five short stories, broadcast from 1952 to 1953 on the BBC Home Service, was dramatised by Felix Felton and produced by David Davis.

  1. The Naval Treaty (15 October 1952) [01]
  2. The Five Orange Pips (12 November 1952) [02]
  3. The Blue Carbuncle (10 December 1952) [03]
  4. The Red-Headed League (7 January 1953) [04]
  5. The Three Students (4 February 1953) [05]

Long Stories 1 – Sherlock Holmes 1953

In 1953, in the middle of the above series, a one-off programme was broadcast, dramatised and produced by Raymond Raikes. This is an adaptation based on the William Gillette play “Sherlock Holmes” performed on stage in 1899.

This broadcast appears to be the basis of the experimental stereo broadcast in 1958 also produced by Raymond Raikes.

  1. Sherlock Holmes (3 October 1953) [06]

Short Stories Series 2 – Children’s Hour 1954-1955

The second series, this time comprising six short stories, broadcast from 1954 to 1955 on the BBC Home Service, were again dramatised by Felix Felton and produced by David Davis.

  1. The Norwood Builder (7 October 1954) [07]
  2. The Bruce-Partington Plans (4 November 1954) [08]
  3. The Mazarin Stone (2 December 1954) [09]
  4. The Missing Three-Quarter (6 January 1955) [10]
  5. The Copper Beeches (3 February 1955) [11]
  6. The Final Problem (3 March 1955) [12]

Short Stories Series 3 – Children’s Hour 1957

The third series of six short stories, broadcast in 1957 on the BBC Home Service, was with the same adapter, Felix Felton, as the previous two series, but the producer this time was Martyn C Webster. The six stories are the five from the first series plus the last one from the second series.

  1. The Naval Treaty (11 October 1957) [13]
  2. The Five Orange Pips (18 October 1957) [14]
  3. The Blue Carbuncle (25 October 1957) [15]
  4. The Red-Headed League (1 November 1957) [16]
  5. The Three Students (8 November 1957) [17]
  6. The Final Problem (15 November 19570 [18]

Long Stories 2 – The Hound of the Baskervilles 1958

The Hound of the Baskervilles was broadcast in six episodes on the BBC Light Programme, dramatised by Felix Felton and produced by Patrick Dromgoole. These six episodes are all given the same unique performance number [19].

  1. The Baskerville Curse (6 April 1958) [19]
  2. Sir Henry Baskerville (13 April 1958) [19]
  3. Baskerville Hall (20 April 1958) [19]
  4. The Light on the Moor (27 April 1958) [19]
  5. Death on the Moor (4 May 1958) [19]
  6. The Final Ordeal (11 May 1958) [19]

Short Stories Series 4 – Thirty-Minute Theatre 1959

This fourth series consisted of six stories was broadcast on the BBC Light Programme. They were dramatised by Michael Hardwick and produced by Frederick Bradnum. The Copper Beeches was broadcast as a different performance in Series 2.

  1. The Man with the Twisted Lip (12 May 1959) [20]
  2. The Beryl Coronet (30 June 1959) [21]
  3. The Blanched Soldier (4 August 1959) [22]
  4. The Copper Beeches (11 August 1959) [23]
  5. The Noble Bachelor (18 August 1959) [24]
  6. Shoscombe Old Place (25 August 1959) [25]

Short Stories Series 5 – Thirty-Minute Theatre 1960

The fifth series consisted of seven stories broadcast on the BBC Light Programme. The first of these, The Stockbroker’s Clerk, was produced by Frederick Bradnum who produced the previous series. The producer for the remaining six was Martyn C Webster. All seven were dramatised by Michael Hardwick. The Naval Treaty had been broadcast twice before – once in Series 1 and once in Series 3.

  1. The Stockbroker’s Clerk (23 February 1960) [26]
  2. The Naval Treaty (22 March 1960) [27]
  3. The Greek Interpreter (5 April 1960) [28]
  4. The Cardboard Box (19 April 1960) [29]
  5. The Disappearance of Lady Frances Carfax (3 May 1960) [30]
  6. The Engineer’s Thumb (17 May 1960) [31]
  7. The Illustrious Client (31 May 1960) [32]

Long Stories 3 – The Valley of Fear 1960

The Valley of Fear was broadcast in 1960 on the BBC Home Service. It was dramatised by Michael Hardwick and produced by Robin Midgely.

  1. The Valley of Fear (31 December 1960) [33]

Short Stories Series 6 – Black Peter 1961

This single story appears to be a one-off broadcast on the BBC Light Programme. It was dramatised by Alan Wilson and produced by Archie Campbell.

  1. Black Peter (5 March 1961) [34]

Long Stories 3 – Saturday-Night Theatre: The Hound of the Baskervilles 1961

This was the second time The Hound of the Baskervilles had been broadcast, this time on the BBC Home Service. It was dramatised by Felix Felton, who had done the 1958 version which was in six episodes, but this production was by Robin Midgley and had a different cast to the 1958 broadcasts.

  1. The Hound of the Baskervilles (5 August 1961) [35]

Short Stories Series 7 – 1961-1962

This series of seven stories was broadcast on the BBC Light Programme. They were dramatised by Michael Hardwick and produced by Robin Midgely. The Blue Carbuncle had been broadcast twice before – once in Series 1 and once in Series 3.

  1. The Empty House (27 November 1961) [36]
  2. The Reigate Squires (4 December 1961) [37]
  3. The Resident Patient (11 December 1961) [38]
  4. Charles Augustus Milverton (18 December 1961) [39]
  5. The Blue Carbuncle (25 December 1961) [40]
  6. Thor Bridge (1 January 1962) [41]
  7. The Priory School (8 January 1962) [42]

Short Stories Series 8 – 1962

This series of eight stories was broadcast on the BBC Light Programme. Again they were dramatised by Micheal Hardwick and produced by Robin Midgely. The Missing Three-Quarter and The Mazarin Stone had been broadcast before in Series 2.

  1. The Speckled Band (17 July 1962) [43]
  2. Silver Blaze (24 July 1962) [44]
  3. The Musgrave Ritual (31 July 1962) [45]
  4. The Golden Pince-Nez (7 August 1962) [46]
  5. The Missing Three-Quarter (14 August 1962) [47]
  6. The Abbey Grange (21 August 1962) [48]
  7. The Devil’s Foot (28 August 1962) [49]
  8. The Mazarin Stone (4 September 1962) [50]

Long Stories 4 – Saturday-Night Theatre: A Study in Scarlet 1962

A Study in Scarlet was broadcast on the BBC Home Service. It was dramatised by Michael Hardwick and produced by Robin Midgely.

  1. A Study in Scarlet (22 December 1962) [51]

Long Stories 5 – Saturday Night Theatre: The Sign of the Four 1963

The Sign of the Four was broadcast on the BBC Home Service. It was dramatised by Michael Hardwick and produced by Val Geilgud.

  1. The Sign of the Four (2 March 1963) [52]

Short Stories Series 9 – Sherlock Holmes Returns 1964

This was a series of ten stories broadcast on the BBC Light Programme. The first two were repeat broadcasts of the Robin Midgely productions of  The Abbey Grange [48] and The Mazarin Stone [50], so they are not included here.

The remaining eight stories were dramatised by Michael Hardwick and produced by Graham Gould. The Bruce-Partington Plans and The Norwood Builder had been broadcast before in Series 2 and The Red-Headed League had been broadcast before in Series 1 and Series 3.

  1. The Solitary Cyclist (21 August 1964) [53]
  2. The Bruce- Partington Plans (28 August 1964) [54]
  3. The Three Garridebs (4 September 1964) [55]
  4. The Norwood Builder (11 September 1964) [56]
  5. The Sussex Vampire (18 September 1964) [57]
  6. The Red-Headed League (25 September 1964) [58]
  7. The Three Gables (2 October 1964) [59]
  8. The Retired Colourman (9 October 1964) [60]

Short Stories Series 10 – Sherlock Holmes Again 1966-1967

This series of nine stories were broadcast on the BBC Light Programme. They were dramatised by Michael Hardwick and produced by Martyn C Webster. The Five Orange Pips had previously been broadcast in Series 3.

  1. A Scandal in Bohemia (21 November 1966) [61]
  2. The Five Orange Pips (28 November 1966) [62]
  3. The Six Napoleons (5 December 1966) [63]
  4. The Boscombe Valley Mystery (12 December 1966) [64]
  5. The Crooked Man (19 December 1966) [65]
  6. Wisteria Lodge (26 December 1966) [66]
  7. The Dying Detective (2 January 1967) [67]
  8. The Second Stain (9 January 1967) [68]
  9. The Final Problem (16 January 1967) [69]

Short Stories Series 11 – Sherlock Holmes 1969

This was the last series of stories starring Carleton Hobbs and Norman Shelley and was broadcast on BBC Radio 2 which had replaced the Light Programme at the end of September 1967. The six stories were dramatised by Michael Hardwick and produced by Graham Gould. Black Peter had been previously broadcast in Series 6.

  1. The Dancing Men (24 June 1969) [70]
  2. A Case of Identity (26 June 1969) [71]
  3. Black Peter (1 July 1969) [72]
  4. The Red Circle (3 July 1969) [73]
  5. The Lion’s Mane (8 July 1969) [74]
  6. His Last Bow (10 July 1969) [75]

Coverage of The Canon

Of the 56 short stories, all but four were performed by Hobbs and Shelley. These four are The Yellow Face, The Gloria Scott, The Creeping Man, and The Veiled Lodger.

The following were performed more than once by Hobbs and Shelley:

  • Three times
    • The Red-Headed League [04][16][58]
    • The Five Orange Pips [02][14][62]
    • The Blue Carbuncle [03][15][40]
    • The Naval Treaty [01][13][27]
    • The Final Problem [12][18][69]
  • Twice
    • The Copper Beeches [11][23]
    • The Mazarin Stone [09][50]
    • The Hound of the Baskervilles [19][35]
    • The Norwood Builder [07][56]
    • Black Peter [34][72]
    • The Three Students [05][17]
    • The Missing Three-Quarter [10][47]
    • The Bruce-Partington Plans [08][54]

I am now going through my collection of recordings to ascertain to which unique broadcast they belong . . .

An experiment in stereophonic sound

From the earliest days, the BBC was experimenting with stereophonic sound. But in the late 1950s, these experiments became a full-scale programme of broadcasts, in stereo, of music and drama. One of these broadcasts, in November 1958, was of a specially-written play, “Scenes from Sherlock Holmes”, itself based on the play “Sherlock Holmes”, written by William Gillette, famously with permission from Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. No recordings of the test transmission are known to exist, but again we have an example of the BBC pioneering new technology and bringing Sherlock Holmes to the public in an innovative format.

The story of stereophonic broadcasting by the BBC began in the 1920s with test transmissions of opera from The Opera House, Covent Garden, in London. There was no means of broadcasting two channels over a single network station in those days, so the left channel was transmitted over the 2LO frequency and the right over the Daventry frequency. Anyone wanting to listen to the broadcast would need two radio sets that were in range of both transmitters.

Writing in Wireless World in June 1958 about these early experiments, Capt. H J Round, says that they had no idea if anyone heard their broadcasts, but that they gave valuable insight into the difference between listening to stereo from loudspeakers and from headphones. The location of broadcast sounds heard from loudspeakers matched the location of the original sounds in relation to the placement of the microphones, whereas the location of sounds in headphones seemed to be partially determined by their frequency. A soprano voice (high frequency) seemed to come from in front of the listener, but the orchestra (mixed frequencies) came from behind. Male voices (low frequency) also appeared to come from behind with the orchestra. More bizarrely, someone walking from the left microphone to the right microphone appeared to walk over the listener’s head rather across in front – but this only when listening on headphones. What this has to do with Sherlock Holmes will not be obvious at this stage but, about twenty years later, in 1978, the BBC was again experimenting using Sherlock Holmes stories, broadcast in “binaural sound” specially engineered to the be listened to with stereo headphones. A future article on the Barry Foster/David Buck Sherlock Holmes Series first broadcast in 1978 will explain further.

By the late 1950s, many people had a television set as well as a radio, and the BBC’s experiments could reach a wider audience by using the television broadcast channel for the right-hand channel and the radio for the left. Such a series of experiments were carried out over two and a half years from January 1958. Not all of these broadcasts are listed on the BBC’s Genome database, perhaps because they were broadcast only in the south and the regional versions of the Radio Times used to populate the Genome database are not always from the south. The earliest listings of “Stereophony” broadcasts in the Genome database are from July 1959 but a full list of the broadcasts is given in a BBC Engineering Department report from 1961.

This lists a variety of programmes, mainly consisting of orchestral music, but listed for 1st and 2nd October 1958 is a drama entitled in the report simply “Sherlock Holmes”, performed at Broadcasting House, Studio 6A. These dates may be rehearsals, recording sessions, or actual broadcasts but the only reference to the public hearing these programmes appear in the Daily Express for 12th November 1958 where listeners are promised, on Saturday 15th between 10:15am and 11:15am, the sounds of a “knife whizzing right across the room, the passing hansom cab, [and] the sound of Holmes’s violin at one side of his study as Watson enters through the door at the other.”

Having your listening equipment set up correctly was important and the BBC printed this guidance in the Radio Times:

But what of the programme itself? For his 1899 play, the American actor, William Gillette, had asked Arthur Conan Doyle for permission to adapt some of Holmes’s stories for the stage. He telegraphed Conan Doyle asking “May I marry Holmes?” and Conan Doyle famously responded, “You may marry or murder or do what you like with him”. It appears that Gillette’s play, which introduced some novel elements of its own (the curved pipe, which has become iconic, though Holmes never used one to my knowledge) was chosen for this new presentation by one of the BBC’s most innovative producers, Raymond Raikes.

Raikes had a reputation with the BBC’s listeners for delivering “a spirited production of the highest quality which would be both hugely entertaining and probably educative. It would also be directed with utmost professionalism and incorporate the latest developments in sound technology”.

He had produced a programme based on Gillette’s play for the BBC Home Service on 3rd January 1953. This starred Carleton Hobbs as Holmes and Norman Shelley as me. The programme lasted ninety minutes so must have been shortened to fit into the sixty minutes for the stereophonic broadcast. Whether this utilised a recording, the same actors in a live performance, or other actors is not known. The fact a studio was used implies a live performance. The programme is also referred to elsewhere as “Scenes from Sherlock Holmes” implying some abridgement of the original broadcast.

Although Raikes maintained a prodigious output for the BBC, including the station’s experimental quadrophonic broadcasts in 1974, he never produced another Sherlock Holmes story for the BBC.

If anyone can provide further insight into this pioneering broadcast by the BBC, then please get in touch.

A little hiatus . . .

Those of you with nothing better to do than stumble upon my “writings” here will, no doubt, have noticed the paucity of my notes of late.

I have, as they say, been busy with other things but in the New Year I hope to be back on the case.

You have my permission to complain if do not honour that promise!

Holmes Christmas List 2016

It has been a very busy year with the research for my book on Holmes on the British radio unearthing new details that need further investigation and so little time has been devoted to anything else, including this website.

Anyway, whilst Mrs Hudson is busy in the kitchen, I can tell you about the first book that I want to put on this year’s list of presents for afficianados of the world’s first consulting detective.

murder_of_mary_russellThe Murder of Mary Russell is the latest in the series of Russell’s memoirs and is one of those books that once you start it you will find it difficult to put down.

The possibility of Russell’s demise is not the real surprise of the book – it’s when a man comes to the door one morning, claiming to be Mrs Hudson’s son. The book took me by surprise but not Holmes, Hudson and Russell who were in one its secrets long before me.

You can find my review here.

Also this year, we have had The Marriage of Mary Russel where Russell and Sherlock Holmes embark upon the riskiest adventure of their partnership – their wedding. Note that this is only for the Kindle.51nu0phixxl

51ordqivl-l-_sy346_Also, but so far only available on Kindle in the UK (publishing problems have pushed the book back to April next year) is Mary Russell’s War containing nine short stories, seven of which have never previously been available in print, and one brand new, never-before-seen Sherlock Holmes mystery.  

They begin with England’s declaration of war in 1914 from Russell’s teenage diaries where she tells of tracking German spies through San Francisco, and then an unimaginable tragedy strikes.

On a much lighter note, Eve Titus’s Basil of Baker Street stories are being republished.

basil-of-baker-street-9781481464017_hrThose who still enjoy the film Basil The Great Mouse Detective (listen carefully at the beginning for the unmistakeable voice of Basil Rathbone upstairs in 221B and look out for the charming portrayal of Toby the dog) will be pleased to know that all five books of the original stories are being republished – three so far and the remainder in 2017.

The stories comprise Basil of Baker Street (first published in 1958 republished 2016), Basil and the Lost Colony (1964 republished 2017), Basil and the Pygmy Cats (1971 republished 2016), Basil in Mexico (1976 republished 2016) and Basil in the Wild West (1982 republished 2017).

Last Christmas, I mentioned the first three volumes of The MX Book of New Sherlock Holmes Stories. Now there are two more.

mx-part-vThe first, Part IV: 2016 Annual was published in May and the latest Part V: Christmas Adventures is published on November 21st.  As before all the royalties from these collections are being donated by the writers for the benefit of the preservation of Undershaw, one of the former homes of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.

Benedict Cumberbatch is certain to go down in history for one of the great portrayals of Holmes. Whether and for how long the BBC Sherlock will last is unclear but if you want to know more about Cumberbatch then a biography is released later this month.

51xcv3l8vhl-_sx322_bo1204203200_Benedict Cumberbatch: London and Hollywood by Lynnette Porter covers his early success as a working actor through his dynamic trajectory to international star. 

That’s all for this year’s Christmas list – just a few books as there’s nothing that caught my eye in the video or games departments. We are waiting to see what the New Year will bring – especially in the new series of the BBC’s Sherlock . . . 

The Murder of Mary Russell

The title of the latest memoir from Mary Russell, was when first mentioned, a cause for great alarm from those who (thought) they knew her.

murder_of_mary_russellIt does, for the first time, make public the life story of the woman who probably knew more about my partnership with Holmes than anyone else. Mrs. Hudson has, for many years, kept secret the identity of many of our visitors and the details of many of the cases we had worked on together. Most of us, including me, had no idea about her life before Baker Street and much of what I have written about her is now clearly wrong!

When Russell made me aware of what she intended to make public in this chapter of her memoirs, I knew that she must have obtained Mrs. Hudson’s permission (and that of Holmes too) as it would provide previously undisclosed details of the case I have referred to as The Adventure of the Gloria Scott.

Holmes had related the story of this, his very first case, to me and had agreed that I could have it published. Holmes had asked me to change the name of one of the central characters but I had already sent the manuscript to the publishers and, unaware of its significance, I failed to get it changed. I assumed that my readers would just consider it a coincidence as I had failed to remark on the name in the actual story.

It first appeared in The Strand Magazine in April 1883 and subsequently was one of the stories in the collection The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes. At the time of its publication, Holmes was furious that I had left the name of Hudson unchanged (as he had asked me to) but, at the time, I had no idea why he was so insistent about it as he had stated that it was the “merest coincidence” that one of the central characters had the same surname as our landlady.

Two years earlier than the story’s publication, when Holmes was looking for new lodgings and came across Mrs. Hudson, he was aware of the connection but I was never made aware of the connection and it was only much later, as Russell relates in this memoir, that she and eventually I, really understood the connection. When I put the story of His Last Bow to print, I still had no knowledge of Mrs. Hudson’s past, and the role she took in that story.

This memoir of Russell’s opens in 1925 (though readers of the UK edition will find the date misprinted as 1995) with Russell in fear for her life. What leads us to this point is the early life of our landlady, Mrs. Hudson. Therein lies the link to the story of the Gloria Scott and with it Holmes earliest career. As that story unfolds, how we all ended up at 221B Baker Street becomes clear (for the first time to me, too!) and with it how Billy the page boy and Wiggins of The Baker Street Irregulars came to our assistance.

Most of all we learn the important part Mrs. Hudson has played and why, in many ways, it was an act, but one that even fooled “a nervy, limping medical man recently out of the army” when he first came to look at 221B, and for many years after!

Holmes Christmas List 2015

Sherlock_SnoopyChristmas will be here all too soon!

Mrs Hudson has been out shopping to get the dried fruit and nuts to make her wonderful Christmas cake and Christmas pudding. So here is my list of possible gifts for those who admire Sherlock Holmes almost as much as I do!

To play games [REIG]

81An-XPbSiL._SL1500_Gibsons produce the 221B Baker Street board game but they also produced the Sherlock Holmes Card Game in 1991 and they have recently updated it.

Here you can see them explaining the changes and how both games are played.

If we get a “long succession of southerly gales” (as I mentioned in [BLAC]), Mrs Hudson and I could happily distract ourselves with these absorbing games.

By the way, in the past, Gibsons have run various competitions to write new Sherlock Holmes cases and you can see some of these using this link.

To the theatre [BRUC]

There are a couple of films this year worthy of note.

81yo7HRfNOL._SL1500_Ian McKellen as Mr Holmes, is based on the book by Mitch Cullin, A Slight Trick of the Mind. As usual, when Holmes has hold of the pen I come in for a bit of stick over what he regards as my additions to his film persona (though I insist I had nothing to do with the deerstalker and the curved pipe!)

Nevertheless, for once it is Holmes who is being forgetful in this film rather than me (I have pre-deceased Holmes apparently) and there is a lot of humour in McKellen’s portrayal that makes for a very entertaining film. It is not often that someone from the Lancashire town of Burnley gets to play Holmes (as my current literary agent never tires of pointing out).

On television, I have to admit that now having watched the first three series of Elementary on DVD (Season OneSeason Two, and Season Three as the Americans insist on calling them), it is much better than the initial reviews that I read and I am grateful for the reviews that The Woman did for me which were published here.


Sherlock-DVD-Case-copy-copy-SMALL-2The other film of note this year is a very old film, William Gillette’s 1916 film Sherlock Holmes which I am looking forward to watching. I will give a more detailed review later of the copy Flicker Alley (who have produced the disk) have kindly sent to me.

Gillette’s sole filmed performance as Sherlock Holmes, considered lost for nearly 100 years, was recently discovered and restored by San Francisco Silent Film Festival and la Cinémathèque française. By the time it was produced at Essanay Studios in 1916, Gillette had been established as the world’s foremost interpreter of Holmes on stage—having played him approximately 1300 times since his 1899 debut.

The film faithfully retains the play’s famous set pieces—Holmes’s encounter with Professor Moriarty, his daring escape from the Stepney Gas Chamber, and the tour-de-force deductions. It also illustrates how Gillette, who wrote the adaptation himself, wove bits from my stories ranging from “A Scandal in Bohemia” to “The Final Problem,” into an original, innovative mystery play.

This release includes:

  • Two complete versions of the film: the original French-language version as discovered at La Cinémathèque française, as well as an English-language version translated from the French.
  • “From Lost to Found: Restoring William Gillette’s Sherlock Holmes” – Presented by film restorer Robert Byrne at the 2015 San Francisco Silent Film Festival
  • Sherlock Holmes Baffled (1900): Courtesy of the Library of Congress and presented in HD, this is the earliest known film to feature the character of Sherlock Holmes
  • A Canine Sherlock (1912): From the EYE Film Institute, the film stars Spot the Dog as the titular character.
  • Più forte che Sherlock Holmes (1913): Also from the EYE Film Institute, this entertaining Italian trick-film
  • HD transfers from the Fox Movietone Collection: Interview with Arthur Conan Doyle and outtakes from a 1930 newsreel with William Gillette showing off his amateur railroad (University of South Carolina)
  • PDF typescript of the 1899 Sherlock Holmes play by William Gillette
  • PDF of the original contract between William Gillette and the Essanay Film Manufacturing Company
  • A booklet featuring images from the film and information about the restoration project.

Note that the versions being released include a region-free Blu-ray version and a region-free DVD NTSC version. The latter will not play on UK PAL DVD players but does play on computers.

There has been nothing new from the BBC Sherlock this year, except for various repackaging of the films from the first three series, and the Christmas special (The Abominable Bride) is not due to be broadcast until New Year’s Day so there’s nothing on my Christmas list for this year.

He looked over his books [STUD]

But the creators of Sherlock have put together a book of what they consider to be the best of my stories.

51k1rvDwLvL._SX323_BO1,204,203,200_-2Sherlock: The Essential Arthur Conan Doyle Adventures contains the following stories – A Study In Scarlet, The Sign of Four, A Scandal in Bohemia*, The Red-Headed League*, A Case of Identity, The Man with the Twisted Lip*, The Blue Carbuncle, The Speckled Band*, Silver Blaze*, The Yellow Face, The Musgrave Ritual*, The Greek Interpreter*, The Final Problem*, The Hound of the Baskervilles, The Empty House*, Charles Augustus Milverton, The Bruce-Partington Plans*, The Devil’s Foot*, The Dying Detective, each introduced by Gattis and Moffat.

It is interesting to compare this selection with the twelve that Sir Arthur regarded as the best short stories (he excluded the long stories) and the seven he later added. Those marked above with an asterisk appear in his lists. He also included The Dancing Men, The Five Orange Pips, The Second Stain, The Priory School and The Reigate Squires, but not The Dying Detective. So I look forward to reading the reasons for Gatiss and Moffat’s selections.

81om2J72RtL._SL1500_From October of last year to April of this year the Museum of London exhibition Sherlock Holmes: The Man Who Never Lived And Will Never Die and this sumptuous book reflects this marvellous exhibition about which one friend remarked that I was “quite criminally under-represented”.

For those who seek their amusement in what Holmes and I might have investigated, the number of pastiches available continues to rise, and here are “five volumes you could just fill that gap on that second shelf. It looks untidy, does it not, sir?” (from The Empty House)

51jRrzJhRGL._SX382_BO1,204,203,200_Otto Penzler’s The Big Book of Sherlock Holmes Stories contains eighty-three stories, published over more than a hundred years. Including cases by modern-day Sherlockians Leslie S. Klinger, Laurie R. King, Lyndsay Faye and Daniel Stashower; pastiches by literary luminaries both classic (P. G. Wodehouse, Dorothy B. Hughes, Kingsley Amis) and current (Anne Perry, Stephen King, Colin Dexter); and parodies by Conan Doyle’s contemporaries A. A. Milne, James M. Barrie, and O. Henry, plus cases by science-fiction greats Poul Anderson and Michael Moorcock.

There must be something there for everyone, but if not here are sixty more split over three volumes: The MX Book of New Sherlock Holmes Stories Part I: 1881 to 1889,Part II: 1890 to 1895, and Part III: 1896 to 1929










David Marcum, a prolific pastiche writer himself, has put together this three-volume collection, bringing together over sixty of the world’s leading Sherlock Holmes authors. All the stories are traditional pastiches. The authors are donating all the royalties from the collection to preservation projects at Sir Arthur’s former home, Undershaw.

great-detective-by-zach-dundasFinally, though not really a pastiche, I am adding Zach Dundas’s The Great Detective: The Amazing Rise and Immortal Life of Sherlock Holmes.

In this book Dundas carries out his investigation of Holmes from my nearly forgotten first manuscript of A Study In Scarlet to the award-winning series BBC Sherlock. He looks at the history and cultural influence of Holmes and I, weaving investigative journalism with text from my stories. Dundas provides detailed accounts of his travels across London, New York, and Los Angeles, exploring every facet of the Sherlock story, from societies dedicated to scholarly study to a self-trained “mentalist” who Holmes for his uncanny on-stage deductive powers, and includes interviews with Steven Moffat, create of the BBC series, bestselling author Laurie R. King, and others.

So there are quite a few items that could be added to a certain person’s wish list . . .

Mastermind 2015

Once in a while, Sherlock Holmes appears as a specialist subject on the BBC’s Mastermind quiz. On the 11th of this month he cropped up again.

Here are the 13 questions:

  1. In A Study in Scarlet what word is written in red letters on the wall in the room in which the murder victim is found?
  2. What is the occupation of Victor Hatherley who comes to the attention of Sherlock Holmes after Dr Watson has treated him for a severe thumb injury?
  3. Violet Hunter, a governess at the country house called The Copper Beeches becomes concerned about her employer’s strange behaviour and comes to Holmes for help. In which county is The Copper Beeches?
  4. In The Man With The Twisted Lip Neville St Clair gives up his job as a journalist when he discovers by wearing a disguise he can earn more money doing what?
  5. After Holmes is proved wrong in The Yellow Face what word does he tell Watson to whisper in his ear if he ever seems over-confident in his own powers?
  6. The initials “VV” found on a card next to a dead body allow Holmes to identify the real name of the so-called “Valley of Fear” where Birdy Edwards infiltrated a dangerous gang to bring them to justice. What’s the name of the valley?
  7. In The Sign of the Four Dr Watson’s future wife Mary asks Holmes to investigate the disappearance of her father. What’s his surname?
  8. What object is stolen from Sir Henry Baskerville when he’s staying at a hotel and used by Stapleton to give the hound Sir Henry’s scent?
  9. Dr Watson diagnoses that Mr Jefferson Hope, the murderer of both Enoch Drebber and Joseph Stangerson has a specific heart condition by placing his hand on his chest. What condition?
  10. In The Solitary Cyclist Bob Carruthers tries to protect Violet Smith from a plot to force her into marrying a criminal. What does he wear to disguise his identity along with a dark suit and a cloth cap?
  11. In the climax of which short story are Holmes and Moriarty believed to have fought at the edge of the Reichenbach Falls and plunged to their deaths?
  12. What is the value of the Mazarin Stone, a yellow diamond, stolen by Count Negretto Sylvius?
  13. In The Six Napoleons Beppo has been smashing plaster busts of Napoleon because one of them contains what valuable object?

The contestant on this occasion correctly answered 10 of the 13 questions asked, got questions 11 and 12 wrong and passed on question 5 and unfortunately came last out of the four contestants after the general knowledge section.

How many would you have answered correctly? (Answers to follow at a later date.)

On a previous Celebrity Mastermind, Stephen Fry also answered 10 questions correctly.

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